Mary Dowd holds a doctorate in educational leadership and a master’s in counseling and student affairs from Minnesota State Mankato. The fact that the patient is incarcerated is only a circumstance of his or her situation and does not, and should not, change how the nurse practices or how the nurse views the patient. Addressing the difficult ethical issues influencing the science and business of healthcare requires leaders with exceptional knowledge and skills. The growing use of AI and robotics also raises issues of healthcare technology ethics. HIDE THIS PAPER GRAB THE BEST PAPER 98.1% of users find it useful. A plastic surgeon discloses names of his well-known clients at a cocktail party. Each issued-based section includes related questions that highlight specific challenges that leaders face when making day-to-day medical decisions and far-reaching policies that affect patient health. This is an ethical concern that has legal implications. Ethical and legal issues in the use of health information technology to improve patient safety The Institute of Medicine reports, To Err is Human and the subsequent Crossing the Quality Chasm spurred an increased attention nationally to problems in patient safety, in particular medication errors. A malpractice suit is more likely to happen if a patient claims that his condition was misdiagnosed by a harried medical practitioner. Ethical and efficient governance mechanisms are essential for the pharmaceutical sector and health care delivery. Advances such as DNA mapping and bioidentical organs hold the potential to lengthen lives dramatically, but treatments that are prohibitively expensive for many or most patients violate the tenets of health equity. Ethical and Legal Issues In the correctional setting, the patient is at the core of professional nursing practice. Ethical issues and access to healthcare J Infus Nurs. The doctor wants to see a child for a follow-up visit, but his parents refuse, because of  limited insurance coverage. However, some see a future where robots care for the sick and elderly and robotic enhancements provide patients with superhuman capabilities — applications with more problematic implications. Healthcare professionals, who are themselves at risk of infection, may be forced to decide which patients should receive treatment or access to lifesaving equipment and treatment when need exceeds capacity. Healthcare informatics is a design of communication, information, and documentation in an electronic health record (EHR). Appropriate actions may include disciplining or terminating a member of a health care team. Information must be sufficient and understandable, to enable the patient to make informed decisions that are in his best interest. “First, do no harm.” The seemingly simple maxim of healthcare proves far more complex when considered in the context of rapidly advancing medical technology, constant budget constraints, and new health threats. Issues by nature are many and, today, many issues are brought up and are questioned upon their varying natures. A teenager requests medication for a painful condition, but his parents refuse, based on religious beliefs. Legal vs Ethical Issues . Reusing stored biological samples and data collected from research participants in past studies, as well as samples collected from patients for clinical or diagnostic purposes, raises new issues about the responsibility of healthcare providers to obtain informed consent. Health administrators responsible for healthcare finance management decisions may be put in a position to question, for example, whether a drug needs to be prescribed or an imaging test needs to be done. An illegal act, or one that is against the law, is almost always unethical. For example, digital pills, also known as smart pills, are pharmaceuticals that contain an ingestible sensor that transmits data after the pill is consumed. Principles of the Ethical Practice of Public Health external icon The Code is intended principally for public and other institutions in the United States that have an explicit public health mission. A medical coder accidentally put sensitive medical records in a hallway trash bin, instead of in the shredder. A patient persists in telling sexist jokes, which offends nursing home staff. With courses in innovation, strategy, and ethical issues and public policy, AdventHealth University Online’s Master of Healthcare Administration in Strategy and Innovation and Master of Business Administration (MHA/MBA) Dual Degree program develops strategic thinkers and leaders capable of making significant impacts and initiating positive change. One of the constant ethical challenges facing healthcare administrators is how to make capital allocations that strike a balance between patients’ medical needs and fiscal responsibility. Ethical Issue Facing Health Care: Electronic Patient Records One of the main ethical issues that faces health care is the security of patient information. A health care professional may be torn between the ethics of beneficence (doing good) and autonomy (respecting patient’s wishes). Balancing care quality and efficiency. Health care professionals continually face ethical and legal issues in the workplace, putting them at risk for burnout. Bio-ethicists suggest that when medical professionals practice ethical principles of autonomy, justice, doing good and doing no harm can help health care professionals resolve difficult situations. Many nurses do not have formal education in legal and ethical issues, and as such as often unqualified to address these questions when they arise in the medical environment.xx… Legal and ethical issues arise frequently, and are commonly encountered in certain fields such as medicine, healthcare and politics. Health care professionals struggle to help patients who lack the resources to cover the treatment they need. . Both ethically and legally, healthcare professionals are prohibited from sharing information about patients with other people. Nearly every decision that’s made has ethical implications–for patients, for providers and for healthcare leaders. The daily loss of life caused by the virus created an immediate healthcare crisis, prompting a rush to develop a vaccine and the enactment of social distancing measures in countries around the world. However, the ability of AI-powered tools to analyze virtually any dataset, from income data to criminal records, raises concerns about its potential for abuse. Ethical and Legal Issues in Healthcare is a definitive resource for healthcare students and professionals in nursing, medicine, and the allied health sciences, providing a comprehensive overview and exploration of today’s ethical and legal landscape in healthcare delivery. Category: Articles, News, How to Become a Nursing Home Administrator, AdventHealth University’s Master of Science in Spiritual Care Gains Important Accreditation Affirmation, Healthcare Administration in Strategy and Innovation, Advanced Imaging Certificate in Vascular Interventional Radiography, Advanced Imaging Certificate in Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Advanced Imaging Certificate in Computed Tomography, Master of Healthcare Administration in Strategy and Innovation and Master of Business Administration (MHA/MBA) Dual Degree, “How Predictive Analytics in Healthcare Is Improving Patient Care”, , “First Digital Pill Approved to Worries About Biomedical ‘Big Brother’”, , “The Medical Ethics of the Coronavirus Crisis”, , “Too Many Tests, Too Little Time: Doctors Say They Face ‘Moral Injury’ Because of a Business Model That Interferes with Patient Care”, , “U.S. A patient asks his oncology nurse to go on a date with him the day he is discharged. AdventHealth University and Stetson University Announce Partnership and MHA/MBA Dual-Degree, Healthcare Administration: Salary, Careers, and Education, American Medical Association, The Top 10 Ethical Issues Medical Students Should Be Taught, BMC Medical Ethics, “Addressing Harm in Moral Case Deliberation: The Views and Experiences of Facilitators”, BMC Medical Ethics, “Broad Consent for Biobanks Is Best — Provided It Is Also Deep”, BMC Medical Ethics, “Digital Pills: A Scoping Review of the Empirical Literature and Analysis of the Ethical Aspects”, BMC Medical Ethics, “Do Patients and Research Subjects Have a Right to Receive Their Genomic Raw Data? Whether population health information is matched to an individual or applied in aggregate to a population, if it’s used for purposes other than promoting health, it has the potential to negatively impact those who supplied the data. Electronic health records (EHRs) create a centralized, shareable record of a patient’s entire medical history; allow for the automation of healthcare provider workflows; and enable advanced medical assessment tools. Because they hold large amounts of very personal data, they also carry the risk of privacy violation. Cite this document Summary … Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing. Legal and Ethical Issues for Health Professionals - Essay Example. Our programs are designed to meet your need for flexibility. At the same time, it has highlighted ethical issues that arise in vector-borne diseases more generally. The healthcare industry also now faces challenges related to … A digital sensor in the pills is activated by the patient’s stomach acid and generates an electrical signal that’s picked up by a patch on the rib cage and then transmitted to a smartphone app. Who gets care when the number of patients exceeds a hospital’s capacity? Successful treatment outcomes can give rise to deep feelings of gratitude that may possibly mistaken for physical attraction. Lacking a vaccine, public health officials have fought the outbreak with social distancing measures that slow the spread of the disease, helping to mitigate outbreak spikes that overwhelm medical facilities and ultimately result in more lives lost. AHU Online is an investment in your future self and career. Population health is the analysis of health outcomes of large groups of people. But Are We Ready for the Answers?”, The Hasting Center, “Why Health Care Organizations Need Technology Ethics Committees”, The Medical Futurist, “The Most Pressing Issues in Bioethics”, The New York Times, “First Digital Pill Approved to Worries About Biomedical ‘Big Brother’”, The New Yorker, “The Medical Ethics of the Coronavirus Crisis”, The Washington Post, “Too Many Tests, Too Little Time: Doctors Say They Face ‘Moral Injury’ Because of a Business Model That Interferes with Patient Care”, The Washington Post, “U.S. However, even anonymized data can be misused. The related field of precision medicine, or personalized medicine, also uses genomic data. A doctor treats her own family members when the family's primary care doctor is out of town. When pandemics and other widespread medical emergencies do overwhelm the capacity of medical facilities, even starker ethical questions arise. Due to staff shortages, a nurse is reassigned to another area, where the nursing staff lacks sufficient skill or training. Conversations between a patient and a doctor are strictly confidential and access to them is strictly monitored. An Ethical and Legal Analysis”, Deloitte Insights, “Using Predictive Analytics in Health Care”, Electronic Health Reporter, “First Do No Harm: The Ethics of Healthcare in 2020”, GINAhelp.org, Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act, Healthcare Financial Management Association, “Beyond Compliance: Healthcare CFOs Face Many Situations in Which Ethics Can Guide Decision-making”, HealthITAnalytics, “What Are Precision Medicine and Personalized Medicine?”, HealthTech, “How Predictive Analytics in Healthcare Is Improving Patient Care”, Medical Xpress, “Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Raises Legal and Ethical Concerns”, National Center for Biotechnology Information, “Considerations for Ethics Review of Big Data Health Research: A Scoping Review”, RoboticsBiz, “8 Ethical Issues in the Use of Robotics in Healthcare”, STAT, “Research in the Time of Coronavirus: Keep It Ethical”, The Conversation, “The Coronavirus Pandemic Is Forcing Us to Ask Some Very Hard Questions. Precision medicine doesn’t describe drugs or medical devices designed specifically for unique patients, but rather the tailoring of treatments to the individual characteristics of patients that have been classified using big data analytics and population health. Patients expect that they can speak to healthcare professionals in confidence, and both legal and ethical guidelines exist to preserve that confidentiality. Here’s One Approach.”, , “Why Will It Take So Long for a COVID-19 Vaccine?”. Conversations between a physician and a patient are strictly confidential, as is information about an individual’s medical condition. Nearly every decision that’s made has ethical implications--for patients, for providers and for healthcare leaders.“ (Larson, 2013). Fear of legal action may also cause providers to engage in “defensive medicine.” Writ… Nurses discuss a patient in the hospital cafeteria, where confidential information is overheard by visitors. The first ethical violation that Dr. Smith is guilty of is having a personal relationship with a patient. Potential medical applications include analysis of radiologic images. As healthcare data collection technology advances, the industry faces questions about how to handle automatically collected data. The doctor disagrees with the patient’s request to forgo treatment. These issues are a major focus for the American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA), which offers a working group for members that is specifically geared toward ongoing education about ethical, legal and social issues related to health informatics. A final theme addressed in this issue elucidates the legal and health policy conflicts that arise with the use of AI in health care. Ethical issues are wide-ranging, from organ donation, genetic engineering, assisted suicide, withholding treatment in end-of-life care, or simple procedures requiring consent. Accidental or intentional disclosure of private patient information can result in litigation, huge fines and jail time for the violator. Robotic health workers offer a potential answer to labor shortages, but their use could dehumanize those they’re meant to serve and those they replace. Ethical and Legal Issues in Healthcare is a definitive resource for healthcare students and professionals in nursing, medicine, and the allied health sciences, providing a comprehensive overview and exploration of today's ethical and legal landscape in healthcare delivery. Legal and ethical issues are prevalent in the health care industry, and in particular for the nursing practice, where nurses have daily individual contact with patients. Links to information on ethical issues in the practice of public health. 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