There are many species of Sonchus (Sonchus spp.) The binomial name for sow thistle is Sonchus oleraceus. The edibility of Sonchus species is probably known since antiquity, being already declared by Dioscorides in the first century, who recognized two kinds of sónkhos, one more rough and prickly, the other more tender and edible, probably Sonchus asper and S. oleraceus, respectively. Nomination of a target weed for biological control: Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) 3 1. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. The epithet sepcific oleraceus is of Latin origin and consists of the root oler = vegetable and the adjective sufix for names aceus = similar to, that is, similar to vegetable vegetables. Description: An erect annual hairy herb with a milky sap. in China" in Natural Products Research vol. This is the profile for the plant - Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow Thistle / Tfiefa komuni. Sonchus asper: basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands (vs. S. oleraceus, with basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse). The total phenolic and flavonoid, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of six Sonchus wild vegetables (Sonchus oleraceus L., Sonchus arvensis L., Sonchus asper (L.) Hill., Sonchus uliginosus M.B., Sonchus brachyotus DC. Zohos to the Greeks, sow thistle makes for one of the best salads, especially when mixed with other greens. It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia. 8 (2020) e11329 D. Z. Xia et al., "Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of six edible wild plants (Sonchus spp.) Sonchus oleraceus (L). The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. Flower heads are about 1 cm long and yellow. You can't get more edible than that! Nutritional composition of Sonchus species (S asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L). It has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the world. Introduction. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. Phonetic Spelling SON-chus Description. MaltaWildPlants.com is an internet online database of the wild plants growing on the islands of Malta and Gozo. Sonchus oleraceus Linn (SOL), belongs to family of Compositae, is wildly found in moist areas of fields, orchards, or cleared land. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. Sonchus arvensis: Sonchus oleraceus in Latin means hollow (sonchus) cooking vegetable (olraceus). ( 25 ) • Anti-Ageing Effects on H2O2-Induced Cell Senescence / Leaves: Study hypothesized that S. oleraceus extracts protect cells against H2O2 … Sonchus oleraceus has hollow stems that exude latex (whitish milk) if damaged. The Latin “oleraceus” literally means “having the qualities of a pot-herb”. 1998;76(4):628–632. The name of the genus, Sonchus, is derived from the Greek word for hollow, and bears allusion to the hollow nature of the succulent stems, while oleraceus refers to its good taste. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. Latin Name: Sonchus spp . An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. Sonchus oleraceus showed the best prebiotic effect and was the only plant to stimulate all the probiotics including B. longum. Sows thistle can sometimes be confused with dandelion, does get bitter as it as it gets older. White mustard (Sinapis alba). The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). It was reported that SO contains many bioactive components such as luteolin, apigenin, caftaric acid, chlorogenic acid, chicoric acid and others (Ou et al., 2013). Sonchus comes from Greek and means "hollow", a reference to its hollow stem. It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are scabrous (rough to the touch) or with hairs. Oleraceus comes from Latin and means "kitchen vegetable" or "herb used in cooking". 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