Kamal Jumblatt, a prominent Druze leader, enjoyed broad appeal through his charisma. Stay informed about issues affecting Israel, the Jewish people, Jewish-Christian relations, receive daily devotionals, and more. The Druze religion differs from classic forms of other monotheistic faiths in several key ways. Most of them live in Syria and Lebanon.Some have emigrated to the United States and Canada.. Fact #4: In addition to not having Druze clergy, there are no ceremonies or rituals. From the 16th to the 19th century, a series of powerful feudal lords dominated Druze political life. The Druze are an Arabic-speaking people of the Middle East.. In so doing, he indicated his dedication for Arab unity over either pro-Western or pro-Syrian orientations. International Fellowship of Christians and Jews. The religion was created in the 10th and 11th centuries in Egypt, with aspects of Hindu and Greek philosophy incorporated into the tenets of Islam. Fewer than 1% of married Israeli Druze say they have a spouse or partner from outside their religion. Druze, also spelled Druse, Arabic plural DurÅ«z, singular Darazi, small Middle Eastern religious sect characterized by an eclectic system of doctrines and by a cohesion and loyalty among its members (at times politically significant) that have enabled them to maintain for centuries their close-knit identity and distinctive faith. The Druze regard themselves to be part of Islam. Christianity teaches evangelism, often through the establishment of missions, unlike the Druze who do not accept converts to their faith. Only an elite of initiates, known as Ê¿uqqāl (“knowers”), participate fully in their religious services and have access to the secret teachings of the scriptures, Al-Ḥikmah al-SharÄ«fah. There was also conflict within the emerging movement as the leading proponent of the doctrine of al-Ḥākim’s divinity, Ḥamzah ibn Ê¿AlÄ« ibn Aḥmad al-ZÅ«zanÄ«, found himself competing for authority and followers with a former disciple, Muḥammad al-DarāzÄ«. The Druze religion is a small, old, unique, and mysterious practice. The Druze faith is often classified as a branch of Isma'ili. From Encyclopedia Britannica: The Druze permit no conversion, either away from or to their religion. Despite a few holy sites which have become official gathering places for the Druze, the Druze generally spurn the concepts of ceremonies and rituals. Advertisement. The Druze, also known as the "Sons of Grace," are a secretive, tightly-knit religious sect whose origins can be traced to Egypt a thousand years ago. The Druze religion doesn't focus on practice but rather on the quest for wisdom and knowledge, and a belief that re-incarnation is a means of enriching our soul. The Druze are a religious sect. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In spite of al-Darāzī’s death, outsiders continued to attach his name to the movement as al-Darāziyyah and al-DurÅ«z. Most of the Druze in Syria arrived from Lebanon in the 18th century and settled around Al-Suwaydāʾ in the region of Jabal al-DurÅ«z (the Druze Mountains), where the vast majority of Druze in Syria continue to live today. Watch this video and use the prompts below to learn about Israeli diversity, national loyalty, and multiculturalism. By the early 11th-century the religion had grown, and in 1014, Hamza visited Egypt where he organized a meeting of leaders and other prominent individuals to establish the doctrines of the faith. Druze definition, a member of an independent religious sect living chiefly in Syria, Lebanon, and Israel, established in the 11th century as a branch of IsmaÊ¿ili ShiÊ¿ism and containing elements of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, and believing in the transmigration of … Moreover, unlike the Jumblatts, the Arslans have enjoyed strong relations with Syria. Equality between men and women, in marriage and in religious life, is an important part of the Druze tradition. The Druze are divided into two groups: al-Juhhal (“the ignorant”) and al-Uqqal (“the knowledgeable”). Nonetheless, despite their rivalry, the two families have at times put their differences aside and formed alliances to protect their common interests. The Druze faith originated in Egypt as an offshoot of IsmaÊ¿Ä«lÄ« ShÄ«Ê¿ism when, during the reign of the sixth Fāṭimid caliph, the eccentric al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allāh (ruled 996–1021), some IsmaÊ¿Ä«lÄ« theologians began to organize a movement proclaiming al-Ḥākim a divine figure. Updates? Oct 15, 2010 @ 12:12 pm. Members of the Druze faith face an added pressure: keeping the religion alive. Few of them have accepted full Israeli citizenship, and remain Syrian citizens. shutterstock There are thought to be around 1m Druze people in … The Druze enjoyed considerable autonomy under the Ottoman Empire and often rebelled against it, protected from direct Ottoman control by the mountainous terrain of their homelands. Druze in the Golan mostly identify with Syria, where their families live, and they often visit family and … Lebanese Druze (Arabic: دروز لبنان ‎, romanized: durÅ«z lubnān) are Druze people with Lebanese citizenship. Despite the small size of their community, the Druze have figured prominently in Middle Eastern history. Sulṭān al-Aá¹­rash, leader of the Druze revolt against French rule. Nearly all Druze (99%) believe in God, including 84% who say they are absolutely certain in their belief. The Druze remained politically salient figures for decades to come. In terms of religious comparison, mainstream Christian denominations do not believe in reincarnation or the transmigration of the soul, contrary to the beliefs of the Druze. A new program has been started to help the Druze gain entry into Israel’s lucrative high-tech sector. There is no official liturgy or prayer book, no holy days or fast days, and no pilgrimages. Like his father, he was often placed in the position of kingmaker in the country. Druze is thought to be a community which was derived from Ismaili sect. The Druze religion contains seven moral precepts: veracity, love of the brethren, forsaking of idolatry, repudiation of devils, acknowledgment of God‘s unity at all times, secrecy in religion… After Jumblatt’s assassination in 1977, his son Walid took over the political leadership of the Druze community in Lebanon. One religion you will most likely not hear about is the religion of the Druze. Al-Juhhal represents the majority of Druze members, approximately 80% of the community, and is the “unlearned” group. In addition to holding prominent military and political positions, the Druze are active in the realms of sports, media, the arts, and literature. A minority of Druze who live in the Golan Heights protested when the Israelis annexed the land from Syria, following the Six-Day War. The Druze have wielded significant political power in the country since its independence. They hold the Qur'an to be sacred, but look upon it as an outer shell, holding an "inner, esoteric meaning." Please try again later. At that point, proselytism ended, and the Druze ceased to recognize conversions to the faith. Honesty is such a revealing character trait, it is said: whoever can be trusted with a little can be trusted with much. The Druze place heavy emphasis on philosophy and spiritual purity. The al-Uqqal, in contrast, which includes both men and women, are the learned minority. His opposition to Syrian interference in Lebanon tended to give him a markedly pro-Western orientation. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The Druze, also known as the "Sons of Grace," are a secretive, tightly-knit religious sect whose origins can be traced to Egypt a thousand years ago. Al-Ḥākim disappeared mysteriously in 1021, and the movement was persecuted under his successor, al-Zāḥir. The Druze community, more correctly known as the Muwahideen, number close to 120,000 in Israel. Druze, also spelled Druse, Arabic plural DurÅ«z, singular Darazi, small Middle Eastern religious sect characterized by an eclectic system of doctrines and by a cohesion and loyalty among its members (at times politically significant) that have enabled them to maintain for … They accept “The Seven Precepts,” which they believe are the essential components of the Pillars of Islam. Israel also has a sizeable community of Druze—about 150,000, located entirely in the northern portions of the country. Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad is credited as one of the pioneers of the religion. A study of Israeli Druze genetics published last week in Scientific Reports of Nature may help shed light on the secretive religious sect’s history and ancestry. During the reign of al-Hakim (996 - 1021) the Druze creed came into being, blending Islamic monotheism with Greek philosophy and Hindu influences. Religious comparison. They live primarily in the Galilee and the Golan Heights, and are classified as a separate religious group, with their own courts and their own jurisdiction in matters such as marriage, divorce, and adoption. After the Sunni leadership in Jerusalem threatened in 1942 to take control of the tomb of Jethro (called ShuÊ¿ayb by the Druze) in Tiberias, the Druze sided with Jewish forces in the 1948 war. The principles of the Druze faith are: guarding one's tongue (honesty), protecting one's brother, respecting the elderly, helping others, protecting one's homeland, belief in one God. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The first Druze began settling in modern-day Lebanon and northern Israel centuries ago, and the largest Druze community in the Galilee is called Daliyat el-Carmel, situated in the Carmel Mountains. Members of the community have attained top positions in Israeli politics and public service. The Druze are an Arabic-speaking minority who live throughout the Middle East. The Druze call themselves Muwahhidun(Unitarians). The Druze are unique among the Arab communities in Israel, known for their loyalty to the state. The Druze do not have their own homeland. Therefore, they concluded that people today already had their chance to join, centuries ago, and the religion has been closed to converts since 1050. While the Druze religion is an outgrowth of Islam, and incorporates elements of Judaism and Christianity, it is very different from any of those religions. Marriage outside the Druze faith is rare and is strongly discouraged. Majid Arslan, who served as minister of defense under Camille Chamoun, was the rival of Kamal Jumblatt. Marriage outside the Druze faith is rare and is strongly discouraged. His opposition to Camille Chamoun, including instigating an uprising against him in 1958, also helped earn him widespread respect among Arab nationalists. Israel is home to a sizeable Druze community that is extremely loyal to the state and has high rates of military service. Conversions are not permitted in the Druze religion, because they believe that the first generation after the establishment of the Druze religion had an opportunity then to join the religion, and everyone alive today is reincarnated from that generation. mosques or any form of ritualistic behavior historically or currently practiced by both Christians or Muslims Druze believe that the various rituals and practices adopted by the three major faiths have turned those believers away from the “true faith.”. Fact #3: Druze is a blend of Islam, Hindu, and Greek philosophy. This feature is not available right now. The Druze religion has its roots in Ismailism, a religio-philosophical movement which founded the Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt in the tenth century. They call themselves muwaḥḥidÅ«n (“unitarians”). Also called the Druse, Duruz, Duroz, and the Tawhid faith, there are about 750,000-800,000 of them today, primarily in Syria, Lebanon, and Israel. Most of the Druze in the Golan are Syrian citizens who hold permanent resident status in Israel. Hamza was a renowned Ismaili scholar who came up with the religion which was influenced by Gnosticism and ancient Greek philosophy. A 501(c)(3) tax-exempt, non-profit organization. In 1925 Druze leader Sulṭān al-Aá¹­rash led a revolt against French rule. Jumblatt was given several cabinet posts throughout his political career; he was appointed minister of the interior because his pull with various communities put him in a unique position to manage the internal affairs of the country. They believe that God was incarnated on earth in the form of their leader, al-Hakim bi-Amrih Alla. They do not have access to the holy writings of the faith, do not attend the religious meetings, and in general are not expected to follow the ascetic rulings of the al-Uqqal. Many Druze religious practices are kept secret, even from the community as a whole. During the British Mandate, the Druze purposely kept out of the Arab-Israeli conflict; when Israel’s War of Independence broke out in 1948, the Druze fought on the Israeli side. The Druze forbid polygamy, along with the consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and pork. The Druze faith is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion, and an ethnoreligious esoteric group originating from the Near East who self identify as unitarians (Arabic: موحدين ‎, … Competing with the Jumblatts in leadership of the Druze has been the Arslan family, often found on the opposite side of Lebanese politics. The caliph supported religious freedom, and as such the Druze grew substantially during his era. The Fellowship’s tax identification number is 36-3256096. Adib al-Shishakli in 1954. The religious community adds certain other philosophies of other religions in to it such as the Neoplatonism. Their prophets include Moses, John the Baptist, Jesus, and Mohammed. Ḥamzah seems to have been favoured by al-Ḥākim, however, and al-DarāzÄ« was declared an apostate within the movement and later disappeared (it is believed that al-Ḥākim ordered him killed). During the Crusades, Druze soldiers aided the AyyÅ«bid and later MamlÅ«k forces by resisting Crusader advances at the Lebanese coast. Muc… In fact, for more than … Moreover, the son of Sulṭān al-Aá¹­rash, Manṣūr al-Aá¹­rash, became one of the founding members of the Syrian BaÊ¿th Party. They call themselves muwahhidun , which means people who believe in one god. Where the reincarnation is a paramount tenet in the Druze faith. The persecution of the Dru… In Israel, the Druze are active in public life and subject to the military draft. 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