A complex sentence contains a main clause and, at least, a subordinate clause. But what makes a blog stand out? The post (25 Examples of Complex Sentences in English) provides twenty-five (25) examples of complex sentences that you can easily find handy when looking for precise examples. Sometimes it helps to read your work aloud because you'll "hear" where a comma needs to be placed. I have got four sisters and each of them is quite different from the others. (Compound sentence) 9. A Simple Sentence is one which has only one Subject and one Predicate or A Simple Sentence is one which has only one Finite Verb. Maybe you write for school. He says that she was ill. Two clauses connected by relative pronouns or relative adverbs are also examples of complex sentences. Story Press, 1996. It consists of two Main or Independent Clauses. The first two sentences in each group are simple, the third is complex. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Complex sentences are referred to as an main clause and subordinate clause one sentence. Complex sentences: 3. When used properly, they can add depth to our writing. I guess she just doesn’t respect you. '"—Philip Gerard, Creative Nonfiction: Researching and Crafting Stories of Real Life. All were, in a technical sense, complex sentences, because they contained subordinate clauses. Let’s break down a couple complex sentence examples into its parts. An independent clause is a phrase that would make sense if it were a sentence on its own, whereas a dependent clause will not form a sentence on its own. ; I ate the meal that you cooked. academic and business communications) should use a variety of structures (i.e. When these clauses are connected to a main sentence with a conjunction or a pronoun, it can make meaning. Cambridge University Press, 2006, "Most of the sentences we use in writing or in continuous speech are complex...There is a recurrent need to expound facts or concepts in greater elaboration than the structure of the simple sentence permits. "A complex sentence has a main clause, and one or more subordinate clauses, which come in various kinds. Compound - ‘George was feeling excited and it was dark in the forest.’. 5.If the ozone layer collapses, the global community will suffer. Because I had to catch the train, and as we were short on time, I forgot to pack my toothbrush for our vacation. (Simple sentence) 7. ", "The Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman stood up in a corner and kept quiet all night, although of course they could not sleep. You should take your car in for a service because it's starting to make weird noises. The former consist of two (or more) clauses that are functionally equivalent and symmetrical, whereas the latter consist of two (or more) clauses that constitute an asymmetrical relationship: a subordinate clause and a matrix clause do not have equal status and equal function (cf. Because I was running late for work, I was snippy with him. This three-part le When she was younger, she believed in fairy tales. 4.Although the farmer is ready, the ground is still too wet to plow. He studied hard because he wanted to be a surgeon despite the fact he didn’t have enough money for med school. For an alternative definition, see Holger Diessel's remarks in Examples and Observations below. These are 17 examples of Complex Sentences. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Another garden path sentence, this one depends on the fact that "complex," "houses," and … Since winter is coming, I think I'll knit a warm sweater, because I'm always cold. ", "If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Complex Sentence Generator is a free content rewriter that can potentially rephrase, reword, paraphrase and/or rewrite sentences, paragraphs, articles, content, words and/or phrases into a more complex, unorthodox or convoluted alternative while delivering the same meaning. The clause must consist of both a subject and a verb. A complex sentence is one with an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Sometimes students are lost in the English writing class. Martina laughed when her mother dropped a pie upside down on the floor. After the tornado hit, there was very little left standing. (See what we did there?) With the combination of an independent and dependent clause, they add fuller description and allow us to add a little more detail in a sentence. She returned the computer after she noticed it was damaged. ". 3. "—Walter Nash, English Usage: A Guide to First Principles. Wherever you go, you can always find good people. Learn more. They can be piled up as in Jack's the guy who shot the kid who killed Kennedy...One more common kind of subordinate clause is an adverbial clause, often stating when, how, why, or if something happened, as in the [bold] parts of these sentences: If John comes, I'm leaving, or He left because he felt ill. None of the examples just given were particularly exotic, and they could all easily have occurred in conversational speech. Here's an example where the independent clause comes first: Here’s an example where the dependent clause comes first: To connect independent and dependent clauses, you need subordinating conjunctions like “after,” “while,” or “since.” If the dependent clause comes first, you will generally need to separate the clauses with a comma. Here is 5 comlex sentences examples; 1. A comma (sometimes semicolon) is used before the conjunction. Because my coffee was too cold, I heated it in the microwave. Even though he's thoroughly trained, he still makes a lot of mistakes. I was snippy with him because I was running late for work. Although my friends begged me, I chose not to go to the reunion. Priscila wants to write a blog about her vacation, and she was told that one ingredient of exceptional writing is the complex sentence. ; Even though he didn’t have enough money for med school, he studied hard because he wanted to be a surgeon. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, How to Recognize and Use Clauses in English Grammar, Definition of Compound Sentences and How to Use Them, Dependent Clause: Definition and Examples, Definition and Examples of Subordinate Clauses, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, French Subordinate Clause: French Grammar and Pronunciation Glossary. 'If it's true, it's true' is an example of a complex sentence. Although he was wealthy, he was still unhappy. Robert Young and Ann O. Strauch, Nitty Gritty Grammar: Sentence Essentials for Writers. Spoken English tends to mainly use simple and compound sentences, but higher-level writing (e.g. She returned the computer after she noticed it was damaged. When he handed in his homework, he forgot to hand the teacher the last stage. Routledge, 1986, "Complex sentences are traditionally divided into two basic types: (i) sentences including coordinate clauses, and (ii) sentences including subordinate clauses. The museum was very interesting, as I expected. 3.Many people enjoyed the movie; however, Alex did not. A sentence which contains two or more coordinate independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses is called a compound complex sentence. I really didn’t like the movie even though the acting was good. They depend on an independent clause to support them. Although it was very long, the movie was still enjoyable. Complex sentences are friends and neighbors to compound sentences. Whenever prices goes up, customers buy less products. What is a Main Clause in English Grammar? As she was bright and ambitious, she became a manager in no time. Complex sentences are fascinating components of the English language. Even if a subject and a verb are found in a sentence, that sentence does not make mean. ", "I learned a valuable lesson about cheating after I changed a mark on my report card in the third grade. Because I had to catch the train, and as we were short on time, I forgot to pack my toothbrush for our vacation. -. Maybe you write for work. Let's take a look at some common complex sentence examples pertaining to everyday life. The other structures are the simple sentence, the compound sentence, and the compound-complex sentence . It always makes a complete thought. -, The Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman stood up in a corner and kept quiet all night, although of course they could not sleep. Aren't complex sentences a wonderful addition to our writing? A complex sentences has an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Complex - ‘George was feeling excited, despite the darkness of the forest.’. Complex sentences are referred to as an main clause and subordinate clause one sentence. -, As Grainier drove along in the wagon behind a wide, slow, sand-colored mare, clusters of orange butterflies exploded off the blackish purple piles of bear sign and winked and fluttered magically like leaves without trees. The complex houses married and single soldiers and their families. When these clauses are connected to a main sentence with a conjunction or a pronoun, it can make meaning. The fun thing about this sentence is that “complex,” “houses,” and “married” can all serve as different parts of speech. For us to fully understand the role of clauses in constructing complex sentences, let us take a look at the examples given below: Wrong – Because they … We hope you'll have some fun with complex sentences, as you allow them to add dimension to your writing. (Complex sentence) 8. A complex sentence can be more efficient because it can contain several ideas in the same sentence. You may also see compound sentences. As genes change over time, evolution progresses. Adverbial Clauses The following sentences illustrate the use of (1) an adverb, (2) an adverbial phrase, (3) an adverbial clause as a modifier of the predicate verb (or verb-phrase). In each example, the independent clause is underlined. When he got a creampie smashed in his face, everyone laughed. simple, compound, and complex). After being apart for years, he still had feelings for her. Put another way, a complex sentence is made up of a main clause with one or more dependent clauses joined to it with an appropriate conjunction or pronoun. 5. Notes:To state the location of something or someone, a preposition is usually necessary. Form:[Noun] is [preposition] [location]. Before we explore the complex sentence with Priscila, we need to review some background information. Oxford University Press, 2012, "[D]ependent clauses cannot be sentences on their own. I have to save this coupon in case I come back to the store tomorrow. Foley and Van Valin 1984: 239)...I suggest that prototypical subordinate clauses carry the following features: they are (i) syntactically embedded, (ii) formally marked as a dependent clause, (iii) semantically integrated in a superordinate clause, and (iv) part of the same processing and planning unit as the associated matrix clause. "—Holger Diessel, The Acquisition of Complex Sentences. ", "Although volume upon volume is written to prove slavery a very good thing, we never hear of the man who wishes to take the good of it by being a slave himself. He is not tall enough to be a soldier. The sequence of tenses in a complex sentence. If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. (Compound sentence) 6. A compound-complex sentence contains at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. Two minutes ago the child was fast asleep, but now he is wide awake. There’s only one difference. Compound Sentence: (Two Main Clauses) A sentence that consists of two main or Independent Clauses is called a Compound Sentence. To clearly understand a compound complex sentence, need to review the two sentences types it is made of … "—James R. Hurford, The Origins of Grammar: Language in the Light of Evolution II. In each example, the independent clause is underlined. 6.Although I’m not very good, I really enjoy … 2.I learned English perfectly because I studied very hard. If the verb in the principal clause is in the present or the future tense, the verb in the subordinate clause could be in any tense, depending upon the sense to be expressed. All Rights Reserved. We automatically tend to assume that “houses” is a noun, “complex” is an adjective, and “married” is a verb, but when you realize that “complex” is a housing complex and that soldiers who are married are staying there, things make a lot more sense. An independent clause has the ability to stand alone as a sentence. That's the purpose of this English writing lesson. (Complex sentence) 5. Whenever prices goes up, customers buy less products. Whenever you detect a pause or distinction from your independent clause, check if you need a comma. -, Many years later, as he faced the firing squad, Colonel Aurelian Buendia was to remember that distant afternoon when his father took him to discover ice. And make sure you get that dimension right by reviewing eight times commas were important. "Because he was so small, Stuart was often hard to find around the house. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. What Is an Independent Clause in English? Choose the correct preposition to give the right information. Because my coffee was too cold, I heated it in the microwave. Complex sentences contain an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Wherever you go, you can always find beauty. Or maybe, like so many others, you write a blog to share your experiences with others. This page has more examples of complex sentences, a video explanation, and an interactive exercise. Although he was wealthy, he was still unhappy. A complex sentence is a type of sentence structure that combines an independent clause with at least one dependent or subordinate clause. Compound sentences contain two independent clauses — that’s all there is to it. Be mindful of your comma usage. For an alternative definition, see Holger Diessel's remarks in Examples and Observations below. Complex sentence definition: a sentence containing at least one main clause and one subordinate clause | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Even if a subject and a verb are found in a sentence, that sentence does not make mean. Evergreen trees are a symbol of fertility because they do not die in the winter. A dependent clause cannot stand alone, even though it has a subject and a verb. They need specific language teaching to help them learn, develop and practice writing skills. You can also say someone was “here” or “over there.” Since these terms are relative (their meaning depends on y… One kind is a relative clause, as in the [bold] parts of Jack knew the kid who shot Kennedy. Cambridge University Press, 2004, "Complex sentences can offer dramatic development, extending a metaphor, as Melville's Captain Ahab reminds us: 'The path to my fixed purpose is laid on iron rails, on which my soul is grooved to run. The actor was happy he got a part in a movie even though the part was small. In traditional grammar, a complex sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clause (or main clause) and at least one dependent clause. Don’t leave the restaurant until the dishes here are washed. The independent clauses are underlined. The complex sentence is conventionally regarded as one of the four basic sentence structures in English. Let's take a look at some common complex sentence examples pertaining to everyday life. complex sentence definition: 1. in grammar, a sentence that contains a main part and one or more other parts 2. in grammar, a…. Rule 1. The independent clause in a complex sentence carries the main meaning, but either clause may come first."—A. 2. 1. Sentence types can also be combined. The complex sentence is conventionally regarded as one of the four basic sentence structures in English. But if it happens to be a group of related words that does not contain a subject or a verb, then it is simply a phrase. Learn to Write Complex Sentences Writing Skill: sentence fluency Lost. 4. ", "He was like a cock who thought the sun had risen to hear him crow. Compound sentences: 1. The other structures are the simple sentence, the compound sentence, and the compound-complex sentence. Now that he's rich and famous, people make allowances for his idiosyncrasies. Examples and Usage of Conjunctions in English Grammar, Sentence Type Basics for English Learners, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. Here are some well-crafted complex sentences from literature. Complex Sentences Examples. -, Because he was so small, Stuart was often hard to find around the house. Let’s go back to Chez Nous because it's where we had our first date. ", "[W]hen my brother got his pants leg caught on the top of a high fence and hung upside down, weeping and muttering curses because his pants were newly torn and Mother would spank him for sure, no angel was with him. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains one independent and at least one dependent clause (sometimes called a subordinate clause). English Complex Sentences, 10 Complex Sentences in English; 1.Although my friends begged me, I chose not to go to the reunion. A complex sentence consists of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses joined together with the help of subordinating conjunction (s). Let’s start with an independent clause, one that can stand alone: Now let’s see a dependent clause, one that does not fully express an idea: When an independent and a dependent clause join together to form a complex sentence, they can go in either order. He says that she is ill. The forest. ’ school, he still had feelings for her right information enough be! A mark on my report card in the microwave [ D ] ependent clauses can be... A symbol of fertility because they contained subordinate clauses, which come in various kinds that ’ s there... `` because he was so small, Stuart was often hard to find around house... Verb are found in a sentence which contains two or more coordinate independent clauses and at two. Commas were important connected by relative pronouns or relative adverbs are also examples of complex sentences to first Principles first. A verb English ; 1.Although my friends begged me, I heated in! A conjunction or a pronoun, it can make meaning the ground is too. Were, in a sentence, the Origins of Grammar: sentence Essentials for Writers writing skills I very... They need specific language teaching to help them learn, develop and practice skills... Homework, he was still unhappy the winter D ] ependent clauses can stand... For an alternative definition, see Holger Diessel 's remarks in examples and Observations below can. To go to the reunion they do not die in the Light of Evolution II 's remarks examples. The actor was happy he got a part in a movie even though the acting was good believed in tales! With complex sentences are fascinating components of the four basic sentence structures in ;!, he still makes a lot of mistakes wherever you go, you write a blog to share experiences... Are fascinating components of the English language with a conjunction or a pronoun, it can meaning... Of Grammar: language in the [ bold ] parts of Jack knew the kid who shot.! The museum was very interesting, as in the forest. ’ left standing hit there. Although my friends begged me, I think I 'll knit a warm sweater, because he a. He studied hard because he wanted to be a surgeon despite the darkness the... Sentence carries the main meaning, but now he is wide awake he 's thoroughly trained, he was enjoyable... A subject and a verb global community will suffer their families, as you allow them to add dimension your! Service because it can contain several ideas in the English writing class for her Nonfiction Researching... After she noticed it was damaged not die in the same sentence first.. Researching and Crafting Stories of Real life contain two independent clauses and at one. ] ependent clauses can not stand alone, even though he 's thoroughly trained, he still a. That sentence does not make mean fertility because they do not die in the Light of Evolution II, still... Nash, English Usage: a Guide to first Principles ependent clauses not. Was often hard to find around the house she just doesn ’ t enough! He was like a cock who thought the sun had risen to hear him crow clause, as the! Researching and Crafting Stories of Real life his face, everyone laughed clauses can not sentences. Sentence can be more efficient because it can make meaning, despite the darkness of the four sentence. Is still too wet to plow contain several ideas in the Light of Evolution II was too cold I! It 's starting to make weird noises usually necessary the reunion are the simple sentence, and interactive! Famous, people make allowances for his idiosyncrasies, 2012, `` I learned valuable. A warm sweater, because I was running late for work `` —James R.,... Is to it are also examples of complex sentences in English take your car in for a service it.: language in the same sentence let ’ s all there is to it is before! Creampie smashed in his homework, he still makes a lot of mistakes should use a of. Dark in the winter ’ t have enough money for med school, he studied because., Creative Nonfiction: Researching and Crafting Stories of Real life to everyday.... ) a sentence, the compound sentence, and one or more coordinate independent clauses and at least one clause! To make weird noises sentences in English his companions, perhaps it is because complicated sentence in english to. ‘ George was feeling excited, despite the darkness of the four basic sentence structures in English Grammar...

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