The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command. The Ten Rules. Fire short bursts of one to two seconds only when your sights are definitely "ON" Malan himself brought down two Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters. Malan flew Spifires, shooting down two Heinkel 111's in bright moonlight on the evening of 19th 20th June 1940, an impressive feat at the time. Sadly, Sailor Malan succumbed on 17th September, 1963, from the rare Parkinson's Disease about which little was known. 11 August 1940 became known as ‘Sailor's August the Eleventh’. Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. Like the Dicta Boelcke from the early days of World War I, Sailor Malan’s rules are at the very foundation of a fighter pilot’s training. 74 Squadron was sent out to intercept a German raid near Dover, followed by another three raids, lasting all day. Sailor Malan developed 10 rules for fighter combat – rules that are still taught today: Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command.. Sailor died in 1963 from Parkinson’s Disease. Sailor Malan’s Ten Rules were … Then, on New Year’s Day 1943, Group Captain Malan was appointed Station Commander of his old base – Biggin Hill. His combat record, promotions and decorations alone are simply astonishing. By the end of it, Malan’s Squadron had claimed to have shot down 38 aircraft. 'Sailor' Malan’s 10 Rules of Air Fighting Adolph G. Malan 24 March 1910 – 17 September 1963 The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command. Much has been written on Sailor Malan as a Fighter Ace, his rules for combat and his command of 74 Squadron during the Battle of Britain which played such a pivot role in winning the Battle (see ‘Ten of my rules for air fighting’ – Sailor Malan) . What made him stand out was his understanding and application of fighter tactics, then using his leadership ability to throw out the old rule book (Fighting Area Attacks) and formally incorporate the hard won lessons of the Battle of Britain in to RAF fighter tactics. 1. ‘Sailor’ Malan’s 10 Rules of Air Fighting Adolph G. Malan 24 March 1910 – 17 September 1963. 1. TEN OF MY RULES FOR AIR FIGHTING 1. Sailor Malan (Adolph Gysbert Malan) was born on the 3rd of October 1910 in Wellington, South Africa. After a lecture tour in America, Malan commanded the Central Gunnery School – where he was able to pass on his immense combat experience to fledgling fighter pilots and impress upon them his golden ’10 Rules of Air Fighting’. It is a mark of the esteem in which his fellow countrymen hold him, that they set up a "Sailor Malan Memorial Fund" which raised R 20,000 to promote bursaries at the University of Witwatersrand for the study of this malady. Most of the rules apply even today, more than 75 years after they were written. Sailor Malan's famous 10 Commandments of engagement . By the age of 14 he was a sea cadet on the training ship General Botha hence the name Sailor. Prior to entering the Royal Air Force he had served aboard ships, hence the nickname. Malan’s 10 Rules of Air Fighting. He also created his own '10 rules of air fighting' which proved so popular they appeared on nearly every mess wall during the Battle of Britain. TEN OF MY RULES FOR AIR FIGHTING. Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. TEN OF MY RULES FOR AIR FIGHTING. Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. Sailor Malan wasn’t necessary the best shot and some other pilots had higher scores. 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