Plants can grow in full sun to shade, but their leaves and branches aren’t as dense in the shade, and plants are less vigorous. Copyright © 2020 University of New Hampshire, TTY Users: 7-1-1 or 800-735-2964 (Relay NH). One important thing to note is that Eastern red cedar is an alternate host for cedar apple rust and should not be planted near apples or crabapples. Deer-Resistant Plants: Shrubs and Trees for the Deer-Plagued Gardener By Richard A. Larson | December 1, 2001 Over the past few decades, plant damage caused by deer has risen to … They also require little care. (Myrica spp.) Common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) has long been a favorite shrub for hedges, and it is one of the most deer-tolerant plants for gardens. Juniper varieties are members of the cypress family and give off a heavy … In general, prune roses in the early spring before blooms start to show. So if you are a stickler for linguistic detail, instead of calling these trees "deer resistant," think of these trees as those that are not a deer… "Vardar Valley" is a popular low-growing, compact … Note that no plant is completely "deer-proof" , particularly when deer … But while bees and butterflies like its flowers, the plant's heavy scent repels deer. This makes them a very popular choice for hedges. Bella Bellissima Potentilla (Potentilla fruticosa) Maybe you live in a place that gets constant, bright … Candy Oh is a favored variety known for its fragrance and vibrant coloring. Some shrubs are more deer resistant than others as there are a few factors which influence this described below in Using Deer Resistant Shrubs. Oh, deer! Though boxwood does not sport showy flowers, its deep green foliage grows densely and can form a good screen. Few trees (especially young ones) will keep a desperate deer away. Deer-Resistant Flowering Trees and Shrubs Turning to flowering trees, besides the issue of winter damage, some trees have fruit that attractive deer, or even moose and elk. Choosing Evergreens Deer Won’t Eat When planning a garden filled with deer … Boxwood is hardy to zone 5 but may suffer damage in harsh winters. Blue star juniper (Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star') is a small, slow-growing, rounded bush that is a good choice where a bluish accent is needed. These commonly affected plants have cultivars that are … The foliage on many boxwoods is glossy and rich green in color. Many evergreen plants serve as favorite winter food sources, including arborvitae, rhododendron, holly and yew. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Daphne (Daphne x burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie'). Despite occasional issues with lacebugs and winter injury, Japanese pieris is almost never bothered by deer. Young trees and shrubs can suffer permanent damage from deer browsing. Buxus sempervirens is a plant deer don't like to eat because its evergreen foliage is aromatic (but please note, not all fragrant plants are resistant to deer.). Bluebeard or the blue mist shrub (Caryopteris) blooms in late summer at a time when relatively few bushes are flowering. Planting and Mulching Trees and Shrubs [fact sheet], University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension The plant spreads via underground runners and does not require much maintenance besides some pruning to keep it looking neat. These are broadleaf plants that are very hardy, and they are easy to prune.You can choose from four basic kinds of boxwoods – Korean, Japanese, English and American.English boxwoods are the most common. Deer … Meanwhile, blue rug juniper (Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Rug') often serves as a ground cover on hillsides. Juniper varieties are members of the cypress family and give off a heavy fragrance. Mountain laurel is a great choice for landscapes in part shade with moist, acidic, well-drained soil. Juniper (Juniperus sp.) Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) is native to eastern North America, and it's a deer-resistant shrub you are more likely to see in the wild there than in people's yards. Common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) has long been a favorite shrub for hedges, and it is one of the most deer-tolerant plants for gardens. Whenever someone asks me what to do about a nasty deer problem in … This shrub is a favorite of many pollinators, and it's drought-tolerant. Juniper generally is low maintenance, simply requiring some pruning to control its growth. Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis) is another needled evergreen that is similar to Eastern red cedar in many regards. This shrub also will spread, so remove its suckers if you want to keep it contained in one area. It produces beautiful blooms for most of the summer and will attract many pollinators to your garden. Its fragrance is one of the true delights of the spring garden, but the aroma and poisonous berries are distasteful to deer. Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia), which is technically a subshrub, has bluish flowers with silvery-gray foliage. The Ask UNH Extension Infoline offers practical help finding answers for your home, yard, and garden questions. Sometimes the damage is merely cosmetic, and the plant can recover. In many cases, proximity to a house is not enough to deter hungry deer in the latter half of winter. Call toll free at 1-877-398-4769, Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m., or e-mail us at answers@unh.edu. To keep the plant well-shaped and flowering, cut it back by about half in the early spring. Fast-growing evergreens that possess one or more of these qualities may prevent deer damage in your landscape. In general, shrub roses are good plants where deer are a problem due to their thorny stems that deer don't like to eat. It will bloom summer through fall with very fragrant flowers that attract … Boxwood is best suited to sheltered locations where it will have some protection. Some evergreens are less likely to be eaten by deer in winter than others, including Japanese red cedar, Hinoki cypress, Bosnian pine and most firs and spruce. Some gardeners even choose to trim the stems down to the ground in early winter to give their landscape a cleaner look. These plants are magnets for pollinators—hence their common name—but deer tend to avoid them. Boxwood is a … It grows to roughly 6 to 10 feet but can get even taller in the right conditions. It also has scale-like foliage on mature branches and is highly tolerant of deer, drought and dry soil. In many locations in New Hampshire, the evergreen foliage tends to turn brownish-yellow when plants are grown in areas with full sun and winter winds. But if the bark is completely stripped from a shrub or tree, that can mean the end of the plant. Deer Resistant Shrub with Fragrant Flowers Ruby Anniversary abelia is an unusually hardy abelia, thriving even in zone 5. It is also tolerant of deep shade, setting it apart from other evergreens that do best with more sun exposure. Zone: 3 – 9. Like deer-resistant shrubs, there also are several deer-resistant trees—including flowering, shade, and evergreen varieties—for landscaping. Which evergreen shrubs for privacy are deer resistant? While no plant is ever entirely safe from deer, the following selections usually escape damage in all but the leanest of times. Although the butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is considered invasive in many regions, it also can be a striking addition to a landscape. Many selections of this wonderfully easy ground cover are evergreen … Gardeners in New Hampshire, particularly those in the southern counties and along the Connecticut River Valley, will undoubtedly come into conflict with deer at some point in time. Boxwoods often have a heavy but pleasant scent. It is drought-tolerant and deer-resistant. Hellebores (Helleborus spp.) Our lead designer, Erik, is happy to visit your property to … They grow up to … On rare occasions, deer may browse the lower foliage, but Eastern red cedar usually escapes damage. Yes, those pesky marauders will likely forage in your garden again this year. Fortunately, there are some evergreen shrubs that are mostly avoided by deer. Additionally, most young trees are like dessert to deer. Some animals still might choose to take a bite out of these shrubs, especially if food options are limited. Inkberry (Ilex glabra) is a native evergreen holly species that is popular as a screen in garden settings because it is adaptable to both well-drained and wet soils. Boxwoods (Buxus) are broadleaf evergreens, meaning they have broad leaves like deciduous plants but keep their leaves in the winter. Dr. Mark A. Miller. This shrub is fairly low maintenance, simply requiring pruning to keep its shape, though it should be protected from cold winter winds. Prune the shrub once a year after it's done flowering to control its height. Milkweed is taking over my perennial garden. Deer-Resistant Evergreens. So, even after investing in some deer proof plants, consider protecting any saplings. It's generally low maintenance, though you might have to remove suckers to prevent new plants from spreading where you don't want them. Ginkgo (Ginkgo Biloba) – Zones 3-9. Spring Glory Forsythia. They're fairly low maintenance, except for an annual pruning to maintain their shape and remove unhealthy portions. Japanese pieris (Pieris japonica), sometimes known as Andromeda, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub that can grow up to 10 feet tall, depending on variety. Apples – the eating kind and crab-apples too – are very popular, and deer … A favorite of mine from a point of fascination, the ginkgo is a … Wax Myrtle. It is considered a staple in formal … Deer Resistant Plants This list provides a guide and was developed from a variety of sources which may not all be equally reliable. Deer … Landscape shrubs are not the preferred food for white-tailed deer, but deer will still eat them in a pinch. It is the fragrance of bayberry that deters deer from eating it. 'Carol Mackie' Daphne (Daphne x burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie') is a variegated bush with extremely fragrant flowers. The berries also are toxic to people and pets, so take care when planting the shrub. Shrubs and Trees Deer Won’t Eat Highbush Cranberry. Deer tolerant plants come in a variety of types, and they cover all manner of plant types: shrubs, trees, shade plants, and evergreens. Deer might nibble on these trees if they're desperate for food, but the foliage is definitely not their first choice. Quick Growing, Deer-Resistant Trees Fruits, nuts and flower buds make up the bulk of a deer’s diet. Deer often cause damage to trees, shrubs, and other landscape plants causing avid gardeners and tree planters to spend money on deer repellents or deer tubes.. No tree or shrub is completely deer proof, but some are more deer resistant … These shrubs come in many shapes and sizes, so you can just about guarantee you’ll find more than a few that are just right for your situation. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. If you are planting evergreens for privacy, the last thing you want to worry about is deer damage. Inkberry is easy to grow in most landscapes, provided there is full sun or part shade. River Birch, Betula nigra: Curling off white bark, tolerant to wet soil, grows to 40’-70’, fast growth … Hellebores grow in full to partial shade in zones 4-9. How can I save some for the monarch butterflies but keep it from spreading. This deer-resistant shrub bears reddish fall foliage and bluish berries in addition to white flowers in the spring. Deer are often the cause of damage to trees by two ways, eating or rubbing or both. While plants can grow into large trees, a great number of smaller shrubby varieties can be found at garden centers. Wax myrtles are a bit like North America’s version of … It is highly drought-tolerant and is a good choice for gardens with full sun and dry soil. The following is a list of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer damage. As a zone 5 shrub, pieris tends to be most vigorous and suffer the least winter damage in southern New Hampshire. During a cold winter or at other times when natural food sources are low, your landscape can be devastated by deer feeding on shrubs and small trees. For a different look, try the Pfitzer Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis 'Pfitzeriana Glauca'), which is commonly shaped into pom-poms. Planting deer resistant evergreen plants, for example, can help to create a beautiful green space all year long. Eastern red cedar is a native needled evergreen that has overlapping scale-like leaves. Invasive in the Spotlight: Multiflora Rose. As with other types of plants (shrubs, perennials, etc.) Even with many of the shrubs and trees deer tend to avoid they may still … Andromeda (Pieris japonica) is a dense, flowering, deer-resistant shrub. This plant is somewhat difficult to grow, as it requires a delicate balance of soil moisture and sharp drainage. Here are 10 varieties of deer-resistant shrubs. It will be at its best when planted in full sun in consistently moist, acidic soil. The list was compiled with input from nursery and landscape professionals, Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural … There are many species of boxwood, and all are deer resistant. Kathleen Miller is a Master Gardener and Horticulturist with over 30 years experience in gardening and sustainable farming. The species sports white to pale pink flower clusters that can measure as much as six inches across. The leaves are leathery, dark green and otherwise similar to those of rhododendrons. Tips for Deterring Deer From Entering Your Yard and Garden, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade, 10 Best Flowering Plants That Deer Will Not Eat. No tree is truly “deer resistant,” but there are a few types that deer typically steer clear of. Forsythia may have a short bloom season, but when it is on, it … There are many possibilities among evergreen species, flowering shrubs, and other specimens that deer aren't likely to munch on. They come in numerous shapes and sizes and take well to pruning, making them ideal for formal hedges, borders, … They can grow in full sun and acidic soil, up to a height of about 40 to 60 feet. Remember "deer-resistant" is not "deer-proof." A favorite of just about every gardener who fights dry, shady conditions, epimedium is a knockout perennial with cute flowers (in shades of pink, red, orange, white, and yellow) and deer-resistant foliage. Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is likely the closest alternative to arborvitae that can be grown in New Hampshire. Some new cultivars, such as 'Blue Chip', have few seeds or are seedless, making them less able to spread. Plant height varies considerably, depending on variety, so make sure to choose a form that will suit your landscape needs. And because deer have a sensitive sense of smell, they tend to dislike any plants with a strong odor. phone: (603) 862-1520  Hours: M-F, 8 a.m.- 5 p.m. Taylor Hall, 59 College Road, Durham, NH Directions. Male deer also cause damage by rutting or rubbing their antlers along the stems or trunks of trees and stripping off bark. See the List of Deer Resistant Trees below that can withstand deer damage or they are trees the deer avoid altogether.. Damage to landscape trees has become an increasing issue because of rising deer population, and the spreading of suburban development into the deer… Boxwoods are among the most versatile broadleaf evergreens for a deer-resistant garden. Native to Japan, Korea, and eastern China, multiflora rose (... *Pictured above: improperly applied mulch. The plant also is tolerant of drought, erosion, and salt. This smell is what makes deer recoil and avoid eating the plant. The plant features small, rounded, glossy green leaves and tiny, insignificant flowers. You get a 3-for-1 deal with arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum). used in foiling deer, "deer-resistant trees" is something of a misnomer. It has small, glossy, dark green leaves that are spineless, and produces small black fruit that are enjoyed by various songbird species. Deer Resistant Evergreens for Privacy Screens One of the most common questions we get is what are my options for an evergreen privacy screen. Inkberry is likely the best native shrub to grow as an informal hedge. It is considered a staple in formal gardens due to its tolerance of pruning and shearing. Mountain laurel grows in the wild in various locations throughout New Hampshire. Although it is an evergreen, it looks best in the early spring when its showy flowers bloom and give off a powerful aroma. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Pruning is optional if you wish to keep the bush compact with more prolific flowers. Spruce trees are evergreen trees that are deer resistant. Many additional cultivated varieties have been introduced to the nursery trade that have blooms in various shades of pink, red and combinations thereof. So keep this in mind when searching for deer resistant plants and trees; there is no such thing as deer-proof plants. 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