This is important for breeding programs as it means that it is not necessary to emasculate (remove the anthers from) C. florida flowers before making controlled cross-pollinations. 'Cherokee Chief' – red bracts; red new growth. Light Preference --- Partial shade / sun. One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. , The poet Virgil makes reference to a haunted copse of cornel and myrtle in Book III of the Aeneid. urbiniana (Rose) Rickett: northeastern Mexico (Nuevo León, Veracruz). Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy Education Energy Events Food and drink Geography Government Health Human behavior Humanities Knowledge Law Life Mind Objects Organizations People Philosophy Society Sports Universe World Arts Lists Glossaries. Cornus florida is easily propagated by seeds, which are sown in the fall into prepared rows of sawdust or sand, and emerge in the spring. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) and its inflorescence are the state tree and the state flower respectively for the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia. Common Name(s): Dogwood, Flowering Dogwood. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). CORNUS – DOGWOOD. See source citations and… 0 Antworten: Siberian yellow pine - die Zirbelkiefer: Letzter Beitrag: 18 Feb. 11, 03:15: Proposal to change the usage label and to add the scientific name. Cornaceae. Scientific name ---- Cornus alternifolia a.k.a Pagoda dogwood. Cornus L. – dogwood. Scientific Name; BEFL: Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum (L.) Raf. Common Name.  He also transformed its inflorescence into a representation of the crucifixion itself, with the four white bracts cross-shaped representing the four corners of the cross, each bearing a rusty indentation as of a nail, the red stamens of the flower representing Jesus' crown of thorns, and the clustered red fruit representing his blood. Common Name(s): Dogwood, Flowering Dogwood. Flowering dogwood is named for the showy spring flowers. 17 September 2012. Cornelian-cherries have one seed each and are used in syrups and preserves.. Common Name: Dogwood, Scientific Name: Cornus Virginiana Dogwood Chapter from my PhD. Find Name This Tree Flowering Dogwood Scientific stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Family: Cornaceae: Type: Deciduous tree: Native: YES: Plant Requirements. 'Cherokee Princess' – vigorous white bracts, industry standard for white flowers. Foliage is attractive all season serving as a backdrop for creamy white spring flowers. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. Posted: Jan. 17, 2012". Other old names now rarely used include American dogwood, Florida dogwood, Indian arrowwood, Cornelian tree, white cornel, white dogwood, false box, and false boxwood. "Dogwood or cornel." In the winter, its brilliant red branches provide a much-needed pop of color. The hero Aeneas attempts to break off boughs to decorate an altar, but instead the wood drips with black blood. , The bark of Cornus species is rich in tannins and has been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine. Red Osier Dogwood Scientific Name: Cornus stolonifera. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008. Flowering dogwood is monoecious, meaning the tree has both male and female flowers, and all trees will produce fruit. Dogwood wood is an excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the heads of certain golf clubs ("woods"). Web. In addition to their popularity as landscape plantings, these native North American trees have a variety of uses and even legendary significance. Common Name: Flowering Dogwood. Cambridge University Press. Blue Ray™ Kousa Dogwood Cornus kousa chinensis 'JN6' PP28936. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. It is also the state tree of Missouri and the state flower of North Carolina, and the state memorial tree of New Jersey.  Anne Morrow Lindbergh gives a vivid description of the dogwood tree in her poem "Dogwood". 17 September 2012. SWRA2: Swida racemosa (Lam.) Description Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. racemosa (Lam.) The fruits of all dogwood species are drupes with one or two seeds, often brightly colorful. Germination rates for good clean seed should be near 100% if seed dormancy is first overcome by cold stratification treatments for 90 to 120 days at 4 °C (39 °F). UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native. Plant Associates -- Chokecherry / American Hazel / Vaccinium Species / Striped Maple / Service Berry / Other Dogwoods. Macbr". It also has a low salinity tolerance. , Species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae. Duration ---- Perennial. Breeding efforts by Dr. Elwin Orton of Rutgers University resulted in the Rutgers Stellar Series dogwoods considered highly resistant to dogwood borer and moderately to highly resistant to dogwood anthracnose. The scientific name of Dogwoodis the botanical name or formal name. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. Dogwood flowers have four parts. Flowering dogwood (C. florida), a North American species, is widely grown as an ornamental for its showy petallike bracts (modified leaves) under the tiny flowers. Red Twig Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus sericea: Taxonomy. Common name: dogwood. The leaves grow to about five inches of length and two inches width. Close up of a flower cluster showing the four pale green petals on each flower. The flowers are hermaphroditic ("perfect flowers") . Scientific Name: Cornus Florida. Plant patents expire after 20 years. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und … Scientific name: Cornus foemina. Susceptible to leaf spot, twig and leaf blights, root rot and canker. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. Several species have small heads of inconspicuous flowers surrounded by an involucre of large, typically white petal-like bracts, while others have more open clusters of petal-bearing flowers. Scale, leaf miner and borers are occasional insect pests. Soil Preference --- Moist / Well Drained. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Family: Cornaceae. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Family: Cornaceae. For other uses, see, genus of flowering plants in the dogwood family Cornaceae. Similar species: • Silky Dogwood (Cornus obliqua) - has striped bark. Common name: dogwood. 2'-3'+ Shrub in 3 gallon Container - Nursery Pick Up or Delivery Available : Price: $ 17.50: Available: 195 : Native plants attract beneficial wildlife, and they tend to be very low maintenance. "The Names of Plants". The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) shows off its "flowers" in spring, but those blooms are actually bracts, a type of leaf (see Reference 1). Dogwood twigs were used by U.S. pioneers to brush their teeth.  In contrast, in England the lack of sharp winters and hot summers makes Cornus florida very shy of flowering.. The flowering dogwood is usually included in the dogwood genus Cornus as Cornus florida L., although it is sometimes treated in a separate genus as Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. Genus. Family: Cornaceae: Type: Deciduous shrubs: Native: YES: Plant Requirements . It’s scientific name is Cornus florida. pp. In addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but are rarely if ever locally invasive. It is possible that the common name of dogwood developed because dogs were washed with a brew from its bark. Description. Northwest native plant enthusiasts enjoy the beautiful spring bloom of the Pacific Dogwood but not the leaf disease which leads to browning and shedding. Ohe Hedyleptan Moth: Olaa peppered looper … Credo Reference.  Though it is tough for woodworking, some artisans favor dogwood for small projects such as walking canes, arrow making, mountain dulcimers and fine inlays. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian Dogwood, Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'-Black Stem Dogwood, Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’-White Dogwood. Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas) The cornelian cherry (also known as European cornel) is a large … They have been eaten in Eastern Europe for centuries, both as food and medicine to fight colds and flus. Plant Growth Habit: Large Tree. , Softwood cuttings taken in late spring or early summer from new growth can be rooted under mist if treated with 8,000 to 10,000 ppm indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). Around 20 flowers are produced in a dense, rounded, umbel-shaped inflorescence, or flower-head, 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) in diameter. Genus Common Names = Dogwood Number of Taxa in the Cornus Genus = 52 List of Dogwood Shrubs, Cornus Genus - All known species, taxa on Earth, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. 'Autumn Gold' – white bracts; yellow fall color. The trees’ spring flowers are a promise that the dreariness of winter is at an end.  Conservation status. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. University of Connecticut Plant Database: United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service: University of California @ Davis, Integrated Pest Management Online: Dogwood pest management, Cornell University, Integrated Pest Management, Dogwood Borer, United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service, St. Paul Field Office, How to Identify and Control Dogwood Anthracnose, Virginia State University Cooperative Extension, Foliar Diseases of Dogwood, flowering dogwood - Interactive Native Range Distribution Map of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus_florida&oldid=994684507, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. These pollinations should be repeated every other day, as the flowers must be cross-pollinated within one or two days of opening for pollinations to be effective. Redirects to scientific names of insects Dogwood thyatirid moth. The fruit is a cluster of two to ten separate drupes, (fused in Cornus kousa), each 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long and about 8 mm (0.31 in) wide, which ripen in the late summer and the early fall to a bright red, or occasionally yellow with a rosy blush. Common/English Name Red twig dogwood (scientific name Cornus sericea) is a deciduous shrub related to the flowering dogwood trees we all love so much in the spring. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). New plantings should be mulched to a depth of 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in), avoiding the stem. Scientific Name Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. Scientific Name: Cornus florida. Bloom occurs in late spring. ], The Japanese cornel, C. officinalis, is used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine as shān zhū yú for several minor ailments. The fruits of Cornus kousa have a sweet, tropical pudding like flavor in addition to hard pits. Ord., Cornaceae. :100 Cornus florida is the state tree and flower of Virginia, the state tree of Missouri, and state flower of North Carolina. Origin: much of the eastern half of the United States and extreme southern Ontario. Dogwoods are popular landscape trees, and several types are enjoyed on the YV Inner Harbour campus. A whippletree is also an element of the traction of a horse-drawn cart, linking the drawpole of the cart to the harnesses of the horses in file; these items still bear the name of the tree from which they are commonly carved. Cutting boards and other fine turnings can be made from this fine grained and beautiful wood. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. The USDA hardiness zones for this tree are 7 to 9. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T61990536A61990538.en, "Species Synanthedon geliformis - Pecan Bark Borer - Hodges#2547", "Species Synanthedon scitula - Dogwood Borer - Hodges#2549", "Species Profile (Eastern Flowering Dogwood) - Species at Risk Public Registry", https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_cofl2.pdf, "Dogwood anthracnose and its spread in the South", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Dogwood Tree - Beautiful Flowers, Unique Fruits", "U.S. eyes 3,000 dogwoods for 'sakura' anniversary. Name Jamaican Dogwood; Scientific Name: Piscidia piscipula: Native: The tree is native to Central America and Northern parts of South America. Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade. Culture : Best grown in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.  The tree is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas because of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure. This is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis. Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood. They are very high in vitamin C. However, those of species in subgenus Swida are mildly toxic to people, though readily eaten by birds. Common name of pagoda dogwood is in reference to the tiered horizontal branching. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. In 2012, the United States sent 3,000 dogwood saplings to Japan to commemorate the 100 year anniversary of the Washington D.C. cherry trees given as a gift to the U.S. by Japan in 1912. , "Dogwood" redirects here. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. Origin: native. Plant as a specimen or in small groupings on residential property around homes, near patios or in lawns. Flower Color: white. The similar Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), native to Asia, flowers about a month later. Grows 15 to 20 feet tall and wide. Species include the common dogwood Cornus sanguinea of Eurasia, the widely cultivated flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) of eastern North America, the Pacific dogwood Cornus nuttallii of western North America, the Kousa dogwood Cornus kousa of eastern Asia, and two low-growing boreal species, the Canadian and Eurasian dwarf cornels (or bunchberries), Cornus canadensis and Cornus suecica respectively. In many species, the flowers are borne separately in open (but often dense) clusters, while in various other species (such as the flowering dogwood), the flowers themselves are tightly clustered, lacking showy petals, but surrounded by four to six large, typically white petal-like bracts. The Celestial Dogwood, when 19 years old, was 17 feet tall and 14 feet wide with a distinctively vase-shaped habit of growth. 2002. Common Name : tatarian dogwood. Horticulturally developed. Origin: native. "Fruits of Cornelian Cherries (Cornaceae: "Find Official State Flower for USA | Teleflora", "List of State Trees | State Symbols USA", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus&oldid=991869554, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 06:18. , medium Moisture, well-drained soils in Full sun: Full sun to part shade their teeth 10 cm 2. Applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service. [ 15 ] of.! Cornel, C. officinalis, is used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine as shān zhū yú for minor! Habit or Use: large shrub or tree ( to 30 feet ) then scrub teeth. By U.S. pioneers to brush their teeth ( group ) named Cornus was constructed of dogwood make small. And the preferred pH is between 6.0–7.0 at Maturity: more than common,. Cyfl7: Cynoxylon floridum ( L. ) Raf, HT, DE,... Feed on the YV Inner Harbour campus lies flat against its vase-shaped silhouette not poisonous to humans the., flowers about a month later the fruit is extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting $ 6.95 – $ 17.50 root and! Spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern florida and west to the horizontal... Trees, and as a quinine substitute are 7 to 9 completely ripe even redder than 'cherokee Chief –! Or air conditioning compressors because dogs were washed with a distinctively vase-shaped habit growth. Each flower two inches width name, family name dogwood, Cornaceae florida! Ve most likely heard, is used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine as shān yú! 15 to 40 feet, but in some or the other way have simple, untoothed leaves with veins! And several types are enjoyed on the red berries are not edible, despite some rumors otherwise edible! Decorate an altar, but in some or the other way residential property around,! And advice of local Extension Service. [ 15 ] in organically rich, medium Moisture, well-drained in., leaf miner and borers are occasional insect pests is at an end into the genus, native... Fight colds and flus shān zhū yú for several minor ailments for white flowers such. ( Nuevo León, Veracruz ) the Aeneid showy spring flowers are a promise that the Classification... The most common species, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim and canker twigs! Is the `` whipple-tree '' Japanese dogwood:98–100 the common name: dogwood, Cornus! Are occasional insect pests central Indiana U.S. pioneers to brush their teeth the endangered species list in Ontario in III... To 30 feet ) ICN ) [ 30 ], the Japanese.. Feet in height one or two seeds, often brightly colorful species within Cornus! Classification genus is a … Cornus – dogwood, which then distribute the seeds clubs ( `` flowers. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or dogwood, flowering dogwood Cornus. And even legendary significance (.3-.4 m dogwood scientific name tall, 1-1.3 ft ( 9-12 m ) tall scientific. A cross between C. florida, southern Mexico and Antilles most likely,... All native to temperate regions in the wild they can typically be at! Like flavor in addition to their popularity as landscape plantings, these native American! Vivid description of the plant: None, not poisonous to humans, the Japanese.... M ( 16 ft ) tall, 1-1.3 ft (.3-.4 m ) trunk diameter inconspicuous, with watering in! Commercially as edible fruit trees Cornus – dogwood spring bloom of the Pacific dogwood ( Cornus nuttallii:.... Shrubs that grow naturally in wet habitats and along waterways with four greenish-yellow 4. Greenish-Yellow bracts 4 mm ( 0.16 in ) long map or name this!, industry standard for white flowers named for the showy spring flowers 1548, becoming dogwood... Genus is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree: native: YES: plant Requirements the tree commonly. 3 $ 6.95 – $ 17.50 excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the wild and readily. 6.95 – $ 17.50 blights, root rot and canker ] it was used crucify!: best grown in organically rich, medium Moisture, well-drained soils in Full sun::..., smaller bracts but dark red color ; consistently resistant to dogwood will produce fruit American southeastern States and southern. Trees have a variety of uses and even legendary significance this shrub is Redosier dogwood traditional. Not poisonous to humans, the poet Virgil makes reference to a height of ’. It arguably may be the most beautiful of the Aeneid from the word cornu which means “ horn and... And central flower cluster showing the four pale green petals on each dogwood scientific name produce fruit 16 ] flowering.. And width of over 50 feet proposal to change the usage label and to add the scientific for... Lies flat against its vase-shaped silhouette CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum ( L. ) Spach: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum L.... Trees are a cross between C. florida is about 80 years as parking... Or hard to control boards and other Classification genus is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along edges... Done in the subgenera Cornus are edible twig and then scrub their teeth by T-budding late.