It is also said to have anticancer activity. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. There are many species of Sonchus (Sonchus spp.) White mustard (Sinapis alba). Nomination of a target weed for biological control: Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) 3 1. Publication Author Facciola. 1998;76(4):628–632. Scientific name: Sonchus oleraceus Abundance: plentiful What: leaves, stems, roots How: Young leaves in salads, steamed or boiled; stems can be peeled then steamed like asparagus; roots are very bitter and generally considered to be edible in dire circumstances after roasting or boiling; coffee can be made from roasted roots. Oleraceus comes from Latin and means "kitchen vegetable" or "herb used in cooking". Phonetic Spelling SON-chus Description. Background: Sonchus oleraceus is a large and widespread plant in the world. Abstract: Background: Sonchus oleraceus is a large and widespread plant in the world. The epithet sepcific oleraceus is of Latin origin and consists of the root oler = vegetable and the adjective sufix for names aceus = similar to, that is, similar to vegetable vegetables. View Article The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Nutritional composition of Sonchus species (S asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L). – all are edible and most are indistinguishable in appearance – but the two most commonly used for food and medicine are smooth sowthistle (S. oleraceus) and prickly sowthistle (S. … A passage from Wild Edible Plants of Texas: A weedy non–native annual, look for the Sow thistle in disturbed soils such as vacant lots, walkway sides, grassy park edges, and secondary roadsides. Zohos to the Greeks, sow thistle makes for one of the best salads, especially when mixed with other greens. Everything in the sow thistle family is edible, and I'm pretty sure all the dandelion tribe is edible as well, but this post specifically is focusing on the type of sow thistle known scientifically as sonchus oleraceus, or colloquially as common sow thistle. Leaves are 10 to 20 cm long and very coarsely lobed. L (SO) is a traditional edible wild herb in China. It is also commponly known as vrouves in Greek. Introduction. The Latin name of the genus ‘sowthistle’ is Sonchus meaning ‘hollow’. . It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. Smooth Sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) has been highly regarded as an edible wild food since antiquity. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S.asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. The species can overlap the winter and summer annual categories. Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. Description: An erect annual hairy herb with a milky sap. It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. The binomial name for sow thistle is Sonchus oleraceus. Etymology – The term Sonchus derives from the Greek = soft, spongy, for the characteristic of the fistulous and weak stem. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. 1. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. You can't get more edible than that! Sonchus oleraceus Linn (SOL), belongs to family of Compositae, is wildly found in moist areas of fields, orchards, or cleared land. Sows thistle can sometimes be confused with dandelion, does get bitter as it as it gets older. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. in China" in Natural Products Research vol. 8 (2020) e11329 D. Z. Xia et al., "Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of six edible wild plants (Sonchus spp.) Sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Where: yards, fields, disturbed areas, sunny Sonchus oleraceus (L). Keep that in mind when checking out a plant…if it contains white sap, and isn’t one of the plants I just mentioned, then you’ve probably misidentified it. Sonchus oleraceus in Latin means hollow (sonchus) cooking vegetable (olraceus). ( 25 ) • Anti-Ageing Effects on H2O2-Induced Cell Senescence / Leaves: Study hypothesized that S. oleraceus extracts protect cells against H2O2 … It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are scabrous (rough to the touch) or with hairs. S. oleraceus. The edibility of Sonchus species is probably known since antiquity, being already declared by Dioscorides in the first century, who recognized two kinds of sónkhos, one more rough and prickly, the other more tender and edible, probably Sonchus asper and S. oleraceus, respectively. Sonchus oleraceus, or Sowthistle, is a genus of annual herbs, considered a winter and summer weed, and includes several species that are common in nurseries and landscapes.Most of the species are annual herbs, but a few are perennial and a few are even woody. Sonchus asper: basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands (vs. S. oleraceus, with basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse). It was reported that SO contains many bioactive components such as luteolin, apigenin, caftaric acid, chlorogenic acid, chicoric acid and others (Ou et al., 2013). The Sow Thistles are sometimes mistakenly called Milk Thistles from the milky juice they contain; the true Milk Thistle is, however, a very different plant. 1893-1901 Epitome Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia. It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. Sonchus arvensis: It has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the world. It is 40 to 60 cm high, bluish-green, the leaves are alternate, do not have stalks and half clasp the stem. 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