The results of the movement included a new awareness of such issues among women, and unprecedented numbers of women elected to public office, particularly the United States Senate. These startling 1970s New York photos reveal a city undergoing an unparalleled transformation fueled by economic collapse and rampant crime. The 1960s counterculture movement had rapidly undone many existing social taboos, and divorce, extramarital sex, and homosexuality were increasingly accepted in the Western world. In the world of music, big changes were afoot as well, and there were many clear signs that the 60s were over. The Iranian revolution also affected global attitudes to and among those of the Muslim faith toward the end of the 1970s. They would form what would become known as the counterculture. Even after the embargo ended, energy prices stayed high, adding to inflation and eventually causing rising rates of unemployment. Bing Crosby, who sold about 50 million records, died on October 14, 1977. It was the decade of the Space Hopper, the Ford Cortina, Raleigh Chopper bikes, the record player and cassette recorder. These startling 1970s New York photos reveal a city undergoing an unparalleled transformation fueled by economic collapse and rampant crime. Both Indira Gandhi and Margaret Thatcher would remain important political figures in the following decade in the 1980s. The crisis saw the first instance of stagflation which began a political and economic trend of the replacement of Keynesian economic theory with neoliberal economic theory, with the first neoliberal governments being created in Chile, where a military coup led by Augusto Pinochet took place in 1973. Share. The Cincinnati Reds go to the World Series in 1970, 1972, 1975, and 1976, led by the Big Red Machine winning two out of four. Australian band AC/DC also found its hard-rock origins in the early 1970s and its breakthrough in 1979's Highway to Hell, while popular American rock bands included Aerosmith, Lynyrd Skynyrd and shock rockers Alice Cooper, Blue Öyster Cult, and Kiss, and guitar-oriented Ted Nugent and Van Halen. The next day, Yves Saint Laurent (who frequently referenced Chanel in his collections) shocks the fashion industry with a collection that borrowed heavily from 1940s influences. The mid-1970s also saw the rise of disco music, which dominated during the last half of the decade with bands like the Bee Gees, Chic, ABBA, Village People, Boney M, Donna Summer, KC and the Sunshine Band, and others. A major event in music in the early 1970s was the deaths of popular rock stars Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, and Jim Morrison, all at the age of 27. Politics changed how we trusted the government. They sought improved relations with the Soviet Union to make possible reductions in military strength while at the same time enhancing American security. Email. In the 1970s, the American invasion of France had begun in earnest. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s began to fracture in the 1970s, as social groups began defining themselves more by their differences than by their universalities. More women could enter the work force. Here are 44 throwback facts about the 1970s. In 1974, Australian TV tests color transmissions (full-time color comes in 1975). Concorde makes the world's first commercial passenger-carrying supersonic flight. The ‘70s were a tumultuous time, where marginalized groups fought for equality, students protested the Vietnam war, faith in American government was shaken by political scandal, and the digital revolution began. Other architects, such as Peter Eisenman of the New York Five, advocated the pursuit of form for the sake of form and drew on semiotics theory for support. Japanese car manufacturing focused on computerized robotic manufacturing techniques and lean manufacturing, contributing to high-efficiency and low production costs. The '70s was the last decade when a person could wake up one day having no idea who Darth Vader was—and by dinner that night their head would be spinning with thoughts of the Dark Side and black helmets and lightsabers. Ranging from 12-19 years old, the Jackson 5, featuring 12-year-old Michael Jackson, captured imaginations across the country. Doors of opportunity were more numerous and much further open than before as women gained unheard of success in business, politics, education, science, the law, and even the home. By the mid-to-late 1970s, "jiggle television"—programs oriented toward sexual gratification and bawdy humor and situations such as Charlie's Angels, The Love Boat, and Three's Company—became popular. Dick Van Dyke's tribute to Mary Richards ». The 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany saw swimmer Mark Spitz set seven World Records and won a record seven gold medals. 'The '60s are over,' a slogan one only began to hear in 1972 or so, mobilized all those eager to believe that idealism had become passe, and once they were mobilized, it had. Co-founded by Gloria Steinem, Ms. would be published regularly as an independent publication in 1972. American and Soviet intelligence agencies gave funding, training, and material support to insurgent groups, governments, and armies across the globe, each seeking to gain a geopolitical advantage and install friendly governments. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade. Another Asian touchstone beginning in the early 1970s was Hong Kong martial arts film which sparked a greater interest in Chinese martial arts around the world. M*A*S*H premieres on September 17. Francis Ford Coppola's epic adaptation of The Godfather premieres on March 15. Also, the wage gap failed to close, but it did become smaller. In 1972, the Northern Ireland Parliament was suspended and Northern Ireland was directly ruled … You're not alone. Fiction in the early '70s brought a return to old-fashioned storytelling, especially with Erich Segal's Love Story. Yeah, but what about the 1970s? [9] The economic problems of the 1970s would result in a sluggish cynicism replacing the optimistic attitudes of the 1950s and 1960s and a distrust of government and technology. South Africa saw nationwide television service for the first time on January 5, 1976, although limited-view, locally available television began on May 5, 1975. On TV people were watching Timeslip. In the late 1970s, BBC2's unveiled a new identity, a twin-striped "2", which was the first electronically generated symbol and scrolled on and off the screen. In May 1970, the Vietnam War was raging on, and President Richard Nixon invaded Cambodia. In a nutshell, neoliberalism began to take hold. From 1970–1979, however, the average rate was 7.06%, and topped out at 13.29% in December 1979. Four were fatally shot. As numbers of young people became alienated from social norms, they resisted and looked for alternatives. was the first popular medical drama ever to feature both the paramedic program as well as the hospital emergency department, which also encouraged future people in the United States to develop their own paramedic program or hospital emergency department, and acted as an inspiration for many individuals. In a nutshell, what happened in the 1970s and 1980s not only does NOT refute Keynesian economics, but if anything reinforces it, albeit with some nuance. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and even won Helen her one and only Grammy Award. Popular Shows during the Decade include, Young Talent Time,* Number 96, The Aunty Jack Show, Class of '74, The Sullivans, The Don Lane Show, Cop Shop, The Naked Vicar Show, The Paul Hogan Show and Countdown. The 1970s' Effect on the Economy . Fast Facts on an Early Human Ancestor", "Performance Pretenders: 10 Malaise-Era Muscle Cars", "Domestic violence refuge provision at crisis point, warn charities",, "1970s Advertising Campaigns that Affected Pop Culture", "Corporate profile: Showtime -", "Freestyle Players Hall of Fame Pioneer Class", "History of Frisbee and Flying Disc freestyle",, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. On the other hand, export-driven economic development in Asia, especially by the Four Asian Tigers (Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan), resulted in rapid economic transformation and industrialization. The oil shocks of 1973 and 1979added to the existing ailments and conjured high inflation throughout much of the world for th… Events January. Martial arts film reached the peak of its popularity largely in part due to its greatest icon, Bruce Lee. During the 1970s, Hollywood continued the New Hollywood revolution of the late-1960s with young film-makers. The genre also became more involved in Hollywood toward the end of the decade, with country-themed action films such as Smokey and the Bandit and Every Which Way But Loose, a trend that continued into the early 80s with Urban Cowboy and Bronco Billy. In addition, the Supreme Court's 1973 decision of Roe v. Wade, which constitutionalized the right to an abortion, brought the women's rights movement into the national political spotlight. Electronic instrumental progressive rock was particularly significant in continental Europe, allowing bands like Kraftwerk, Tangerine Dream, Can, and Faust to circumvent the language barrier. Among the popular artists in 1970 year were Elton John, who arrived from England and the Jackson Five, hailing from “Motown” AKA Detroit, Michigan. The market for adult entertainment in the 1970s was large, and driven in part by the sizable baby boomer population, and the 1972 movie Behind the Green Door, an X-rated feature, became one of the top-grossing films of the year. Industrialized countries, except Japan, experienced an economic recession due to an oil crisis caused by oil embargoes by the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries. Hard rock and Heavy metal also emerged among British bands Led Zeppelin, Queen, The Who, Black Sabbath, UFO, Deep Purple, Uriah Heep, and Judas Priest. The trains were built in the United Kingdom by British Rail Engineering Limited. 1970: A Shocking Day On May 4, members of the Ohio National Guard open fire at Kent State University students who were protesting the Vietnam War. Japanese band Yellow Magic Orchestra helped to pioneer synthpop, with their self-titled album (in 1978) setting a template with less minimalism and with a strong emphasis on melody, and drawing from a wider range of influences than had been employed by Kraftwerk. China entered the space race in 1970 with the launching of its first satellite, but technological backwardness and limited funds would prevent the country from becoming a significant force in space exploration. The realization that oil reserves were not endless and technological development was not sustainable[citation needed] without potentially harming the environment ended the belief in limitless progress that had existed since the 19th century. The birth of modern computing was in the 1970s, which saw the development of: The first scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) is introduced. What happened in 1973? After the first oil shock in 1973, gasoline was rationed in many countries. The Beatles announce their breakup on April 10, before the release of their last album, Let It Be. Norman Mailer and Gore Vidal fight on the December 5 episode of The Dick Cavett Show. Other common global ethos of the 1970s world included increasingly flexible and varied gender roles for women in industrialized societies. American Motors beat out the U.S. Big Three to subcompact sized model (the Gremlin) in 1970, but its fortunes declined throughout the decade, forcing it into a partnership with the French automaker Renault in 1979. The science fiction show Doctor Who reached its peak. The economies of much of the developing world continued to make steady progress in the early 1970s because of the Green Revolution. [24] Here, in 1985, the two set their feud aside to speak out against Reagan and the arms race. (continued) 6/14/2012 I came across some interesting thoughts on unisex fashion in "Looking Good", published in 1976. 15 Things That Happened in the ‘70s that You Probably Forgot About It was the '70s, after all. What Happened in 1970 History The popular band "The Beatles" announce they have disbanded. On April 13, 1975, the Lebanese Civil War began. European car design underwent major changes during the 1970s due to the need for performance with high fuel efficiency—designs such as the Volkswagen Golf and Passat, BMW 3, 5, and 7 series, and Mercedes-Benz S-Class appeared at the latter half of the decade. The 1970s started a mainstream affirmation of the environmental issues early activists from the 1960s, such as Rachel Carson and Murray Bookchin, had warned of. The 1970s saw the stock market loses 40% in an 18 month period and unemployment reach double digits. 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