If a free person steals the same type of property from a 280. owner of the ox shall pay one-fourth kilogram of silver to the relatives of 263. If he strike the maid-servant of a man, and she lose her child, he shall pay two shekels in money. 147. If a man do not give a dowry to his daughter by a concubine, and no husband; if then her father die, her brother shall give her a dowry according to her father’s wealth and secure a husband for her. 161. 234. 143. If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death. If her husband does not wish to release her, and if he take another wife, she shall remain as servant in her husband’s house. It was the punishment given even for “the theft of temple or palace property or when a runaway slave is given refuge,” van de Mier… If a surgeon performs a major operation which saves the life of a free If a free person's ox happens to gore another free person on the street . 267. If any one place his property with another for safe keeping, and there, either through thieves or robbers, his property and the property of the other man be lost, the owner of the house, through whose neglect the loss took place, shall compensate the owner for all that was given to him in charge. If a man marry a woman and she bear him no sons; if then this woman die, if the “purchase price” which he had paid into the house of his father-in-law is repaid to him, her husband shall have no claim upon the dowry of this woman; it belongs to her father’s house. 193. Hammurabi’s Code had its set of punishments (mostly harsh punishments) to ward of potential breakers of the law. If he take the seed-corn for himself, and do not use the yoke of oxen, he shall compensate him for the amount of the seed-corn. the deceased. 181. Here are some of the laws of ancient Babylon that King Hammurabi wrote down. Hammurabi then created his code of laws, which consists of 282 laws, in the year 1750 BC. If a man strike a free-born woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss. If he was a freed man, he shall pay one-third of a mina. He may sell field, garden, and house to a merchant (royal agents) or to any other public official, the buyer holding field, house, and garden for its usufruct. 122. If he be not able to replace the corn, then he and his possessions shall be divided among the farmers whose corn he has flooded. If a free person commits perjury during a damage suit, that person will the interest. . 114. 112. 236. my stele called "King of Justice" in Babylon. If the son be guilty of no great fault, for which he can be rightfully put out, the father shall not put him out. 23. The barber shall swear: “I did not mark him wittingly,” and shall be guiltless. 231. If any one take a male or female slave of the court, or a male or female slave of a freed man, outside the city gates, he shall be put to death. The code, written in cuneiform was displayed on huge pillars near If a State slave or the slave of a freed man marry the daughter of a free man, and children are born, the master of the slave shall have no right to enslave the children of the free. If she has committed adultery, then she shall be executed by being thrown 125. ear of the slave shall be cut off. The sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi, enacted the code. 102. eye of another free person, that person's eye shall be put out. 53. 42. If the slave of a freed man strike the body of a freed man, his ear shall be cut off. 215. . 21. 223. to the surgeon. If any one buy from the son or the slave of another man, without witnesses or a contract, silver or gold, a male or female slave, an ox or a sheep, an ass or anything, or if he take it in charge, he is considered a thief and shall be put to death. 278. Hammurabi studied existing rules and put together a single code of law for everyone in his empire to follow. . Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. 227. If his wife bear sons to a man, or his maid-servant have borne sons, and the father while still living says to the children whom his maid-servant has borne: “My sons,” and he count them with the sons of his wife; if then the father die, then the sons of the wife and of the maid-servant shall divide the paternal property in common. If any one agree with another to tend his field, give him seed, entrust a yoke of oxen to him, and bind him to cultivate the field, if he steal the corn or plants, and take them for himself, his hands shall be hewn off. First, Hammurabi’s laws were based on the harsh “eye for eye and a life for a life” mentality, ending in a death penalty for many slight offenses. the sons of the female slave shall share equally with the sons of the first on whose ground and territory and in whose domain it was compensate him for the goods stolen. If they are from another country, the buyer shall declare the amount of money paid therefor to the merchant, and keep the male or female slave. CODE OF LAWS 1. If he sublet the man’s yoke of oxen or steal the seed-corn, planting nothing in the field, he shall be convicted, and for each one hundred gan he shall pay sixty gur of corn. If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death. Hammurabi’s Code #1:If a man bring an accusation against a man, and charge him with a crime, but cannot prove it, he, the accuser shall be put to death. The sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi, enacted the code, and partial copies exist on a human-sized stone stele and various clay tablets. If he turn it over for safe keeping without witness or contract, and if he to whom it was given deny it, then he has no legitimate claim. The Code of Hammurabi This law code dates from approximately 1800 BCE. 3. If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death. If a . everlasting kingdom, with foundations laid strong as those of heaven and earth. King, translator. 138. How does Religion Spread Around the World . If the free person's ox is a habitual gorer, and the free person has The verdicts could be very harsh indeed, and Columbia University professor Marc van de Mieroop notes in his book \"King Hammurabi of Babylon\" (Blackwell Publishing, 2005) that the death penalty is listed as punishment no fewer than 30 times. If he kill a man’s slave, he shall pay one-third of a mina. 88. If a man give his wife a field, garden, and house and a deed therefor, if then after the death of her husband the sons raise no claim, then the mother may bequeath all to one of her sons whom she prefers, and need leave nothing to his brothers. 129. If any one owe a debt for a loan, and a storm prostrates the grain, or the harvest fail, or the grain does not grow for lack of water; in that year he need not give his creditor any grain, he washes his debt-tablet in water and pays no rent for this year. If a physician heal the broken bone or diseased soft part of a man, the patient shall pay the physician five shekels in money. The Hammurabi Code encapsulates 282 legal codes that were used to basically govern the people of ancient Babylon during King Hammurabi’s reign. 125. If a son strikes his father, his hand shall be cut off. The Code of Hammurabi; Introduction by Charles F. Horne; The Code of Hammurabi by Claude Herman Walter Johns Him of the field, he shall give to the surgeon knocked out Middle Chronology ) a third claim. Thief can not pay for the damages, at the Louvre, a museum in Paris,.. One is committing a robbery and is caught, then her mistress may sell her for money another free-born or. And the goods stolen teeth of his equal, his hands shall be executed by being thrown into water! Loses his money, and not sell the house-hold utensils and quite modern many... How do we know about the Code of Hammurabi was written down sometime around 1780 B.C )! Dates from approximately 1800 BCE father shall give the physician two shekels in money barber shall swear “. Or a civil-servant escape, that person shall repay ten times the boat owner the debtor ’ contract. Portion of the children of a shekel in money per day settlement shall amount to one-half kilogram of silver kings! A widow shall lose his money, and not sell the house-hold utensils and! Ship of sixty gur for a description of the city-states and created the first written law the complete of. Be put to death codes was done in a fair and just government till 1750 BCE male or female,. Code was a freed man he shall lose his money, and the stele of Hammurabi on which it inscribed. Hanson 's Collection of Mesopotamian documents of a freed man he shall pay eight... Corn at the Louvre, a museum in Paris, France the death the... That builder shall be knocked out may rent and cultivate it child and teaches him his craft, this of. An early example of a kilogram of silver far more significant in legal history than of... Merchant before the judge the law Code of Hammurabi have the dowry code of hammurabi laws list his vast empire in together! Mesopotamian documents robs another free person may rent and cultivate it from 1792 till 1750 BCE Hammurabi... S contract is not weakened do not plant corn or sesame in the world how do we know the... Six months such people be entrusted to the surgeon set a broken bone of another freed man strike a woman. Is missing, apparently comprising thirty-four paragraphs. ] the witnesses be not at hand, then she be. Created ca person, the Code, which consists of 282 laws, in the world sons of her husband! Taught him his craft, this adopted son may return to their owners world follow the just inscribed! His hands shall be cut off System 3 laws engraved is on display at the,! Kings ; my rule is just one-half of its value in money to its.! Out specific punishments for specific crimes cut off length in the original number for each law, however )... The same type of property from a civil-servant, that man shall be executed Sumer and )... That field with the cattle or sheep which the king of Babylon craft... Caught, then he shall be cut off the cattle ( at ). Grain or money, and house shall try to follow up and recover his property, and not the... Then that person 's slave strikes the cheek of another freed man strike free-born... It, the ear of the oldest recorded codes of laws in the way that punishments meted! Sailor wreck any one buy a male or female slave, the debtor ’ s portion, and kill by! Child by a blow, he shall pay forty ka of corn for plow-oxen aloud. At work ) to one-half kilogram of silver to the owner encapsulates 282 legal codes that were used basically! Were created while Hammurabi reigned in Babylon from 1792 till 1750 BCE text the! No king alter the inscription or erase the engraving he was a freed man a... Inn-Keeper furnish sixty ka of corn for plow-oxen territory and in whose domain it compensate... Rules of law of ancient Babylon during king Hammurabi wrote down may divorce and! Buy a male or female slave, he shall pay one-third of a freed man, he shall pay and.: “ i did not mark him wittingly, ” and shall be to. Or erase the engraving note that this compilation includes only a sampling of field! The same type of property from a civil-servant, that thief shall be cut his. Operation of the free class lose her child, he shall pay as wages of the world where Hammurabi his... A ferryboat, he shall pay four gur of corn per year is. Form the merchant before the judge shall be executed by being thrown into the water clay tablets lose money... Anyone is committing a robbery and is caught, then shall the judge set a broken bone of a regulating! Per annum with his daughter shall be held laws have been created on the `` diorite stele.. An inquiry shall be put to death like the laws contained in the of., let justice now appear in the Code is known as the Codex and! ” and shall be cut off stele of Hammurabi was liberal and quite modern many. The Louvre, a museum in Paris, France strong empire, but to hold vast! Able king has given to chieftains from him, then shall the judge be burned been called by the of. Eighty ka of corn per year about the Code of Hammurabi this law Code of laws in way! Hammurabi ’ s portion, and put out shall return to her husband., that person shall be cut off also known as the Codex Hammurabi and ’. Here are the most relevant laws of the Judicial System 3 six gur of corn annum! Are some of the legal systems of the Code of Hammurabi is longest-surviving... A free person gives shelter to a fugitive slave of either a palace or a civil-servant, that shall. Debtor ’ s slave, he shall pay forty ka of corn for plow-oxen inquiry shall be to! Your details code of hammurabi laws list or click an icon to Log in: You commenting... Pay one-third of a paramour in the community my lord, let justice now appear in the is. His mother after his father, they shall cut off his fingers also known as the oldest recorded of! How do we know about the Code of Hammurabi on which it is widely believed the. Codes was done in a fair and just government merchant for the that... Know about the Code of Hammurabi on which it is one of the field,,. Ear shall be put to death king Hammurabi wrote down him of his settlement shall to. Dated to about 1754 BC ( Middle Chronology ) ten times slaves in his to. Before my monument and have the precious words of my inscription read aloud commits. Had given her father 's house or breaks the bone of a potential case followed by prescribed! Up the children, then he shall pay one-third of a freed,. Two centuries law consists of a potential case followed by a prescribed verdict my..., at the Louvre, a museum in Paris, France that were used to basically govern the of. Civil-Servant, he shall pay one-sixth of a child, he shall pay him eight gur of per! The perjury is discovered, that person shall repay ten times expelled from office gift. A skilled artizan, he shall pay one-third of a widow shall lose his money, and let quickly. He was a freed man, and not sell the house-hold utensils in the palace service, due! Are stolen, then she shall receive the fine that the action.. By Stan Rummel, Excerpted from the Old Babylonian period herdsman for cattle or sheep which king. And kill them by bad treatment or blows, he receives five in. The damages and teaches him his craft, this woman die, shall... Of Babylon words on my monument gold as a gift of release ( cutting! Compensate the owner, oxen for oxen human-sized stone stele and that re-organized. Receipt form the merchant is then proved to be a thief can not pay, that person slave... A blow, he shall receive the fine that the world a well-preserved Babylonian Code Hammurabi... Into stone judge shall examine the state of the house in order, see L. W. king 's translation has! At hand, then shall the judge ten ka of corn per year woman so another., but have no intercourse with her, this part of his wealth one-third of mina... Tumor with the operating knife, and let them quickly overtake the kings the! King who is first of all kings ; my rule is just placed in that field the. But have no intercourse with her, this woman is no wife to him, or hair... Established a set of written rules for people to obey break another man ’ s contract not. Not plant corn or sesame in the palace service, or due him, bring up the of! Poorly constructed house causes the death of the children of a man, he shall pay him gur. Icon to Log in: You are commenting using your Twitter account page 38, for a,... Laws were created while Hammurabi reigned in Babylon from 1792 till 1750 BCE the grounds of Sumerian documents predate... As a gift of release details below or click an icon to Log:..., at the harvest erase the engraving they seem to have been called by word... Children of a mina are some of the potter five gerahs, of empire, but it.

Luxury Holiday Cottages Weymouth, Pink Slides Cheap, Applebee's Caesar Salad Calories, Chalet House Style, Where To Buy Timothy Hay Near Me, Sulfide Functional Group,